A photofacial is the use of light-based technology to reduce wrinkles, fine lines, broken capillaries, and age spots. Some photofacials use intense-pulsed light (IPL) technology, which is a handheld device that delivers high levels of light into the layers of the skin. Others use a light-emitting diode (LED) device, which is quite different from IPL devices.
LED devices typically use 590nm wavelengths to gently reduce redness and acne marks. Some experts even say that LEDs are effective in reducing fine lines and wrinkles. These devices, however, tend to be far less effective than IPL devices and require more treatments for any results to be seen. IPL devices that are typically used for photofacials or laser skin rejuvenation and use stronger wavelengths to penetrate the layers of the skin so issues that reside deep within can be targeted.
By creating microscopic damage to the areas of the skin where imperfections are, these lasers help the body naturally create new skin cells to heal itself. These new cells are without the wrinkles, scars, age spots, or acne marks that were targeted by the laser. Other conditions that can be treated using IPL photofacials are rosacea, large pores, loose skin, and reduced skin elasticity.