ASDS, also known as the American Society for Dermatologic Surgery, is the largest specialty organization in the United States representing dermatologic surgeons who have been trained to treat the health and appearance of a person’s skin through each period of a person’s life. Members of ASDS are considered to be leaders in the industry and pioneers in the field because many are involved in the research and studies that lead to the improvement of cosmetic tools used by professionals worldwide. These members are responsible for the development of new technology and treatments that perfect the skin’s health and appearance. Their work has brought about the creation of devices that tighten the skin, eliminate wrinkles, and remove blemishes, hair, and fat.

Procedures that are considered dermatologic surgeries are:

  • Blepharoplasty
  • Chemical peels
  • Cryolipolysis
  • Cryosurgery
  • Dermabrasion
  • Dermal fillers
  • Hair transplants
  • Laser therapy
  • Laser resurfacing
  • Liposuction
  • Microdermabrasion
  • Microlipoinjection
  • Micropigmentation
  • Microwave thermolysis
  • Neck lift
  • Neuromodulators
  • Non-ablative laser rejuvenation
  • Non-invasive body contouring
  • Vein treatments

Aside from the many cosmetic contributions that ASDS members make, they also contribute to studies that have aided in minimizing the effects of skin cancer. Some members are experts in skin cancer prevention, detection, and treatment, and their efforts have helped minimize the life-threatening effects of this disease.

ASDS has more than 6,000 members and provides countless tools that allow members to continue their education and make important professional connections. ASDS does this by organizing networking events, mentoring programs, awareness activities, and more, giving members the ability to ensure the growth of this field.


Founded in 1980, ASLMS is the American Society for Laser Medicine and Surgery. Originally designed to encourage physicians and scientists to exchange information, this is the largest organization dedicated to promoting education and research in the medical laser field. ASLMS members represent an array of professionals, including physicians and surgeons trained in over 50 medical specialties, nurses and other medical professionals, physicists, biomedical engineers, and biologists. Together, these professionals contribute their knowledge and skills to the research and development of new laser devices, and then adapt them for use in the medical field.

ASLMS has more than 4,000 members, 20 percent of whom reside outside of the United States. All members attend regular educational and networking events that are designed to promote the exchange of new research, discoveries, and technological tools.

This organization supports member research projects in the field through grants and awards, which help contribute to the development of tools that are used in the medical laser industry. This support is not restricted to medical laser equipment. Safety is a large part of the industry. Any new advancements in the field are presented at yearly conferences, allowing ASLMS members to stay up to date on what’s new.

The latest medical laser to hit the market was the PicoWay, developed in 2015. It stands out from the rest because it’s the first to be safe for all skin types, eliminating the trouble that some may have with hyperpigmentation. The PicoWay is the first medical laser that provides short pulses, resulting in better clearance, minimal discomfort for patients, and most importantly, fewer treatments, making it ideal for laser hair removal.


Absorption refers to the concept of light absorption during laser tattoo removal treatments. Each pigment absorbs wavelengths differently, making some ink colors easier to remove than others. Wavelengths shatter pigment, allowing the body’s immune system to discard pieces. This process causes the tattoo ink to fade. Without absorption, fading will not occur.

Different colors absorb and reflect each wavelength differently, and tattoos respond to wavelengths the same way. For example, red tattoo ink will absorb all colors of the visible light spectrum except the color red. To shatter the ink of a red tattoo, it should not be treated with red light because the light will be reflected, and the ink will not absorb it.

Typically, ink colors that absorb wavelengths easily and are the fastest to remove are darker colors such as black, dark blues, and dark greens. Lighter colors like white, yellow, orange, and even red tend to be more difficult to remove, but newer lasers use technology that makes breaking down these lighter colors easier, making complete laser tattoo removal possible for all colors of ink.

Other factors that contribute to the rate at which a tattoo fades are:

  • Location – Tattoos that are closest to the heart tend to fade faster because healthy blood flow breaks up ink particles at a faster rate.
  • Professional vs. Amateur Ink – A professional tattoo artist will penetrate the skin deeper and more evenly, which will make removal much simpler. However, professionals tend to use higher quality ink that will take longer to break up. An amateur tattoo artist might use cheaper ink, but the ink will likely be uneven. This makes the tattoo extremely difficult to remove.

Advanced Registered Nurse Practitioners (ARNPs)

Advanced registered nurse practitioners, or ARNPs, are nurses who have earned an advanced degree. They must earn at least a master’s degree in nursing, and they can generally work in any healthcare field. ARNPs can concentrate on several specializations while in school and train to become a nurse practitioner (NP), a certified nurse midwife (CNM), a certified registered nurse anesthetist (CRNA), or a clinical nurse specialist (CNS). Their broad training allows them to work in virtually any healthcare setting, including hospitals, ambulatory clinics, and long-term care facilities.

Those who have earned their nursing degree as an ARNP have been prepared with the advanced clinical education, skills, and scope of practice necessary to prepare them for the medical field. They’re known for their high degree of knowledge and problem-solving skills when it comes to achieving optimal outcomes for their patients.

Many laser technicians are only required to take a training course of approximately 30 hours to instruct them on how to use medical lasers to perform certain procedures. They have no medical training or advanced degrees to ensure safe and smooth procedures. Since these standards do not exist, Body Details decided to create them by only staffing our treatment centers with the best of the best. A certified physician’s assistant or an ARNP performs every laser hair removal treatment. Additionally, we make sure that our laser technicians are certified by our established team of medical directors and medical laser manufacturers.

Adverse Reaction

An adverse reaction is an unexpected reaction to a drug or procedure. With regards to laser tattoo removal, an adverse reaction might also be considered an unexpected side effect. Common and expected side effects include blisters, swelling, redness, pinpoint bleeding, raised skin in the area of the tattoo, and temporary darkening or bruising of the skin. These are not considered adverse reactions, however, and they usually clear up within a few hours or days.


Although hypopigmentation occurs at a rate of five percent when laser tattoo removal is done properly, hypopigmentation-caused scarring is still the most common adverse reaction after treatment. This happens when melanin is removed, creating a significant contrast between the normal skin tone and the affected area.


Though rare, infection does occur after a laser tattoo removal session. It’s particularly common when treatments aren’t performed properly or the best medical lasers aren’t used. Additionally, it’s important that those who undergo laser tattoo removal treatments follow appropriate aftercare procedures. Not doing so puts the skin more at risk for infection. Always refrain from picking scabs or popping blisters, because these actions are likely to cause scar formation.

Muscle Soreness

Muscle soreness is extremely rare after laser tattoo removal, but it may occur. This depends mostly on the treatment area and usually does not actually affect the muscles, yet it still simulates the feeling. It’s important to refrain from treating it as muscle soreness because applying ice or heat can severely damage the skin. It’s best to apply a bag of frozen vegetable wrapped in a clean cloth or allow the skin to heal on its own.

Age Reversal

Medical scientists have been researching ways to turn back the hands of time for decades, and some of the most recent discoveries in the beauty industry have been able to give the skin a more youthful appearance. This research has allowed people to remove imperfections and look younger. The medical discipline focused on finding innovative ways to reverse the aging process is called skin rejuvenation, which is a different field of study than the research on extending human life but is important nonetheless.

Skin rejuvenation can achieve age reversal by researching ways to repair parts of the body that cause aging and imperfections, such as damaged cells, macromolecules, tissue, and the organs. By repairing these elements, it becomes possible to eliminate imperfections like sunspots, wrinkles, fine lines, scars, and acne marks.

Skin Rejuvenation Treatment

One of the most successful procedures used to bring back the youthful glow in the skin is laser skin rejuvenation. A technician uses a laser to create microscopic damage to the skin cells surrounding an imperfection, forcing the skin to heal itself. When the skin begins to heal, it will naturally create new and healthy skin cells that appear flawless, while simultaneously increasing the production of collagen to give the skin back its elasticity.

Age Skin Spots

Caused by overactive melanin and years of exposure to the sun, certain areas of the skin will develop age skin spots when melanin is produced in high amounts. These spots tend to appear as flat, oval areas of discoloration or pigmentation and can range in color from beige to black. As age spots are more common in those who have naturally fair skin, they can be confused for clumps of freckles when they’re acquired at a young age. However, most people don’t start developing these marks until they’re in their forties.

Also known as liver spots, age spots form more often in areas that have been most exposed to the sun over the years, such as the face, shoulders, tops of feet, hands, and the scalp. These imperfections were once thought to be caused by the liver, which is where they got their name. This, of course, turned out to be false, but the name stuck.

Typically harmless, some find that their age spots give their skin character. However, others see them as imperfections that should be removed. Laser skin rejuvenation is the leading treatment for getting rid of discoloration in the skin since it’s able to target the problem at its root within the layers of the skin. By targeting the damaged skin cells that are causing age spots to form, the procedure can help the body naturally heal the area. Unlike any other treatment for skin discoloration, laser skin rejuvenation can eliminate dark marks as well as increase the skin’s elasticity and youthfulness.

Alexandrite 755nm Laser

Each laser used for laser hair removal treatments works by emitting a wavelength of high-energy light that is measured in nanometers (nm). The light targets certain areas of the skin, emitting a specified level of heat, depending on skin type and desired results. An alexandrite laser uses an alexandrite crystal, which is a rare crystal that is one of the hardest found in nature—second only to diamonds and corundum, such as rubies and sapphires.

When used in a medical laser, alexandrite crystals produce a wavelength measured at 755 nm. Considered a red-light laser, alexandrite lasers work through the process of photothermolysis. This is the process in which heat is produced through a source of light. Also available with Q-switch mode, the alexandrite 755 nm lasers are known for their precision and ability to target hair follicles or the ink of a tattoo without damaging the surrounding skin.

An alexandrite laser differs from others because it produces a different wavelength of light, 755 nm, which makes it safe and effective for all skin types and colors. Other lasers emit different wavelengths of light that are only safe for certain skin colors and types, making alexandrite lasers the best choice for laser hair removal. It has been proven to be effective even for those who have extremely light hair and sensitive skin, and it holds a clearance rate of approximately 70 percent after the recommended number of treatments are complete.


There are several kinds of anesthetics that are used to numb, or desensitize, the skin during laser tattoo removal sessions. Generally, anesthetics are applied topically to the skin and wear off in a reasonable amount of time. Laser tattoo removal has the reputation of being extremely painful, but it feels similar to the pain experienced during the tattoo process. Others have compared the pain to a rubber band being snapped against the skin repeatedly.

Some popular anesthetics used during laser tattoo removal include the following.


Before a laser treatment begins, some licensed medical technicians might offer to put ice over the area that will be treated. The ice will dull the nerves. This works particularly well for smaller tattoos.

Cryogen Cooling Devices

Popular at most laser tattoo treatment spas, this device works by spraying the outer layers of the skin with a burst of cryogen, which provides a cooling sensation. A licensed medical technician can apply the cooling device in adjustable durations that hit the skin before and after each laser pulse. Most devices work by cooling the top layer of skin without disturbing the layers beneath. There are many advantages of using a cooling device, such as:

  • A pain-free and comfortable laser hair removal treatment
  • Higher levels of energy that provide better and faster results
  • Client satisfaction
  • Less swelling and irritation

TAC Numbing Creams

A triple anesthetic cream or TAC is a topical cream that is used to numb the skin prior to laser tattoo removal treatment. These creams typically contain three ingredients: benzocaine, lidocaine, and teltracaine.

Anti-Aging Drugs

Aging is impossible to stop completely, but researchers are now experimenting with anti-aging drugs. Designed to significantly slow down the aging process, scientists have discovered through animal testing that a calorie-restriction diet can help elongate life. More than a simple diet, caloric restriction reduces a person’s calorie intake drastically, while avoiding malnutrition.

Based on this research, there have been several attempts to develop a drug that produces the same results as a calorie-restriction diet. In addition to new drugs, scientists are also testing some existing drugs to see if they can extend the lives of test animals. These drugs include sirolimus, which is used to treat a rare lung disease as well as to aid in organ transplants, and metformin, which is used to treat those with type 2 diabetes.

Anti-aging drugs may put off the aging process and extend the average human lifespan, but it is a completely separate technology from that used for age reversal. Laser skin rejuvenation is currently the best age-reversing treatment available to get rid of signs of aging without going under the knife. With it, you’ll be able to look years younger.

Anti-Aging Laser

Anti-aging lasers come in many forms and are used to treat several different skin imperfections. Falling under the studied science of life extension, these are the most common lasers used to treat aging.

V-beam Lasers

Used to treat broken capillaries and excessive redness, the V-beam laser is used to even out skin tone and eliminate imperfections. Each treatment is brief with little or no down time. Only six laser sessions are required to completely eliminate the issue, but those with excessive redness might need more treatments.

Trivantage Lasers

Trivantage lasers are used to treat and remove sun spots. This laser typically requires one or two treatments to completely eliminate a spot, and many people who get botox treatments prefer this treatment as the two can be combined.

Ablative Lasers

Considered an invasive procedure, ablative lasers form open wounds to get rid of any damaged cells or tissue. This forces the body to naturally heal the damaged skin and surrounding areas, giving the skin a more youthful appearance. Skin rejuvenation using ablative lasers will often be done in a doctor’s office and can last about an hour depending on the size of the area being treated. Patients typically require several days or weeks to recover, and results can last up to five years.

Nonablative Lasers

Using a fractional nonablative laser provides the same results as using an ablative laser, but instead of doing the treatment all at once, it’s done over the course of several noninvasive laser rejuvenation treatments. The benefit of this is that there is no down time, the skin is left fully intact throughout the process, and it’s significantly cheaper. Nonablative lasers cause microscopic damage to the skin that forces it to create new cells. The result is more youthful-looking skin.

Anti-Aging Skincare

Most people do their best to slow down the aging process with an anti-aging skincare routine. There are so many tips and tricks that it’s hard to keep up with what actually works. Most anti-aging skincare routines include numerous eye creams to treat dark eye circles, crow’s feet, and puffiness underneath the eye and around the eyelid since the skin around the eyes tends to be one of the first areas to show signs of aging. Dark spots also tend to be an early sign of aged and damaged skin, often encouraging people to use a serum or skin tone corrector in their anti-aging skincare routine.

Much more effective than waiting for signs of aging before beginning treatment, some people start at an early age with a prevention routine. This usually includes a daily moisturizer, extreme use of sunscreen, and a cream for under the eyes. A generation obsessed with the latest trends, like the anti-aging movement, most younger people are eager to try the latest anti-aging products. Laser skin rejuvenation is currently the leading method used to treat signs of aging since it rids the skin of wrinkles, fine lines, sun spots, acne marks, age spots, and more.

Atypical Tattoo

An atypical tattoo is one that is different for a number of reasons, making laser tattoo removal slightly more difficult. Those with an atypical tattoo should mention that information when contacting a licensed medical clinic about laser tattoo removal treatments. An atypical tattoo may include the following attributes.


Certain areas of the body are more sensitive, making removal more difficult. Locations that would be considered atypical tattoos include the following.

  • The inside of the lip
  • Genitals
  • Eyelids
  • Head
  • Earlobe
  • Lips
  • Eyeball
  • Palm of hands
  • Bottom of the feet

Mycobacteria Infections

This is a rare bacterial infection that occurs after getting a tattoo. These asymptomatic erythematous papules and pustules, crusty formations that delve deep into the layers of the skin, are caused by unsanitary conditions. Often, they will permanently distort the tattoo and leave scars. Even with antibiotics, this kind of bacterial infection is difficult to cure and takes months to improve. Since the bacteria lie deep within the layers of the skin, laser tattoo removal has to wait until the infection clears up.

Bikini Line

Typically only used when describing hair removal, the bikini line refers to a woman’s pubic area within two or three inches from where the hem of a bikini or panty bottom would end. With regard to laser hair removal, the bikini line can also include some covered areas such as the sides of the labia and the top of the pubic region. Many women opt for this choice if they want to feel comfortable in a bathing suit or thong. This is similar to Brazilian hair removal but covers less area.

Many women undergo laser hair removal along their bikini line because it’s an area that requires a lot of upkeep, and laser hair removal is the only permanent solution available. Other hair removal options, such as waxing or shaving, can cause a significant amount of irritation that makes it difficult to simply throw on a bikini and head to the beach. Ingrown hairs, blemishes, razor burn, redness, and minor cuts and burns are not something that women want to be seen.

The benefits of permanent hair removal along the bikini line are endless. No more embarrassing sharp stubble or ingrown hairs that can leave scars. Without having to worry about maintaining their bikini line, women save a ton of time in the shower and are left with soft, smooth skin that will appear no different from the rest of their skin.


A popular style of tattoo, blackwork can be beautiful when done correctly. This heavy black artwork usually depicts nature or geometrical patterns. Often, large sections of these tattoos are solid black, almost tribal looking.

In addition to this being a popular style of tattoo, blackwork is also done to cover up old or unwanted ink because, occasionally, a tattoo can’t be covered up with something new or altered in a way that makes the client happy. Blackwork is the fastest way to not have to look at a tattoo anymore, but then people are left with a giant black square or rectangle instead. This method of covering up a tattoo is done most often when people have ink, such as the name or picture of an ex, on their body that conjures painful memories.

Unfortunately, most people who choose to cover up old ink with blackwork find themselves seeking out laser tattoo removal, which would have been a simpler process if they hadn’t gotten the blackwork cover up. Regular blackwork will respond to medical lasers like other black ink tattoos—i.e., it’s likely to fade quickly because black ink responds best to these treatments.

Note, however, that a cover up is always more challenging to remove because it’s difficult for licensed medical technicians to evaluate the color, quality, and condition of the ink beneath the cover up. When the top black layer begins to fade, the technician will be able to analyze the situation.